Die Kompilierung konnte nicht abgeschlossen werden: Der Programmtyp ist bereits vorhanden: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn

Beim Kompilieren meines Projekts erhalte ich folgende Fehlermeldung:

Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn Message{kind=ERROR, text=Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabn, sources=[Unknown source file], tool name=Optional.of(D8)} 

oder

 D8: Program type already present: com.google.android.gms.internal.measurement.zzabo 

Mit folgendem Stacktrace im Gradle Log

 at com.android.builder.profile.Recorder$Block.handleException(Recorder.java:55) at com.android.builder.profile.ThreadRecorder.record(ThreadRecorder.java:104) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask.transform(TransformTask.java:212)\\nat sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method) at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62) at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43) at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:498) at org.gradle.internal.reflect.JavaMethod.invoke(JavaMethod.java:73) at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.IncrementalTaskAction.doExecute(IncrementalTaskAction.java:46) at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.StandardTaskAction.execute(StandardTaskAction.java:39) at org.gradle.api.internal.project.taskfactory.StandardTaskAction.execute(StandardTaskAction.java:26) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter$1.run(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:121) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:336) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:328) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:199) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.run(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:110) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeAction(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:110) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.executeActions(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:92) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteActionsTaskExecuter.java:70) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.OutputDirectoryCreatingTaskExecuter.execute(OutputDirectoryCreatingTaskExecuter.java:51) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.execute(SkipUpToDateTaskExecuter.java:62) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ResolveTaskOutputCachingStateExecuter.execute(ResolveTaskOutputCachingStateExecuter.java:54) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ValidatingTaskExecuter.execute(ValidatingTaskExecuter.java:60) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.execute(SkipEmptySourceFilesTaskExecuter.java:97) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.CleanupStaleOutputsExecuter.execute(CleanupStaleOutputsExecuter.java:87) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ResolveTaskArtifactStateTaskExecuter.execute(ResolveTaskArtifactStateTaskExecuter.java:52) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.execute(SkipTaskWithNoActionsExecuter.java:52) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.execute(SkipOnlyIfTaskExecuter.java:54) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.execute(ExecuteAtMostOnceTaskExecuter.java:43) at org.gradle.api.internal.tasks.execution.CatchExceptionTaskExecuter.execute(CatchExceptionTaskExecuter.java:34) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker$1.run(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:248) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:336) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor$RunnableBuildOperationWorker.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:328) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.execute(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:199) at org.gradle.internal.progress.DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.run(DefaultBuildOperationExecutor.java:110) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:241) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskGraphExecuter$EventFiringTaskWorker.execute(DefaultTaskGraphExecuter.java:230) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.processTask(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:123) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.access$200(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:79) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker$1.execute(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:104) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker$1.execute(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:98) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.execute(DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.java:626) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.executeWithTask(DefaultTaskExecutionPlan.java:581) at org.gradle.execution.taskgraph.DefaultTaskPlanExecutor$TaskExecutorWorker.run(DefaultTaskPlanExecutor.java:98) at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ExecutorPolicy$CatchAndRecordFailures.onExecute(ExecutorPolicy.java:63) at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ManagedExecutorImpl$1.run(ManagedExecutorImpl.java:46) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1142) at java.util.concurrent.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:617) at org.gradle.internal.concurrent.ThreadFactoryImpl$ManagedThreadRunnable.run(ThreadFactoryImpl.java:55) at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:745) Caused by: com.android.builder.dexing.DexArchiveMergerException: Error while merging dex archives: D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\0.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\4.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\6.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\7.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\8.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\9.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\10.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\12.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\13.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\14.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\17.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\18.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\19.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\20.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\21.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\22.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\23.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\24.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\25.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\26.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\27.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\28.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\29.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\30.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\31.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\32.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\34.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\39.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\40.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\44.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\45.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\46.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\47.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\48.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\49.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\51.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\52.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\53.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\55.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\56.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\57.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\58.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\59.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\83.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\84.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\85.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\86.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\87.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\88.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\89.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\90.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\91.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\92.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\93.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\94.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\95.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\96.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\97.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\100.jar, D:\Android\appName\app\build\intermediates\transforms\dexBuilder\debug\101.jar at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.getExceptionToRethrow(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:124) at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.mergeDexArchives(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:109) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.transforms.DexMergerTransformCallable.call(DexMergerTransformCallable.java:101) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.transforms.ExternalLibsMergerTransform.transform(ExternalLibsMergerTransform.kt:123) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask$2.call(TransformTask.java:221) at com.android.build.gradle.internal.pipeline.TransformTask$2.call(TransformTask.java:217) at com.android.builder.profile.ThreadRecorder.record(ThreadRecorder.java:102) ... 48 more Caused by: com.android.tools.r8.CompilationFailedException: Compilation failed to complete at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withCompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:76) at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withD8CompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:45) at com.android.tools.r8.D8.run(D8.java:67) at com.android.builder.dexing.D8DexArchiveMerger.mergeDexArchives(D8DexArchiveMerger.java:107) ... 53 more Caused by: com.android.tools.r8.utils.AbortException at com.android.tools.r8.utils.Reporter.failIfPendingErrors(Reporter.java:77) at com.android.tools.r8.utils.Reporter.fatalError(Reporter.java:58) at com.android.tools.r8.utils.ExceptionUtils.withCompilationHandler(ExceptionUtils.java:67) ... 56 more 

   

Firebase hat ein Update für das SDK durchgeführt:

Firebase Android SDKs haben jetzt unabhängige Versionsnummern, die häufigere, flexible Updates ermöglichen.

Aktualisieren Sie alle Ihre Firebase-Abhängigkeiten, um die neueste Version zu verwenden:

 Firebase Core com.google.firebase:firebase-core:15.0.2 Ads com.google.firebase:firebase-ads:15.0.0 Analytics com.google.firebase:firebase-analytics:15.0.2 App Indexing com.google.firebase:firebase-appindexing:15.0.0 Authentication com.google.firebase:firebase-auth:15.1.0 Cloud Firestore com.google.firebase:firebase-firestore:16.0.0 Cloud Functions com.google.firebase:firebase-functions:15.0.0 Cloud Messaging com.google.firebase:firebase-messaging:15.0.2 Cloud Storage com.google.firebase:firebase-storage:15.0.2 Crash Reporting com.google.firebase:firebase-crash:15.0.2 Crashlytics com.crashlytics.sdk.android:crashlytics:2.9.1 Invites com.google.firebase:firebase-invites:15.0.1 Performance Monitoring com.google.firebase:firebase-perf:15.1.0 Realtime Database com.google.firebase:firebase-database:15.0.0 Remote Config com.google.firebase:firebase-config:15.0.2 

Weitere Informationen finden Sie hier:

https://firebase.google.com/support/release-notes/android

Bitte aktualisiere das google-services plugin:

 classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.3.1' 

Die neuesten Google-Dienste finden Sie HIER

Überprüfen Sie diesen Link außerdem, um die Änderungen zu verstehen, und folgen Sie den in dem Artikel aufgeführten Schritten:

Ankündigung der neuen SDK-Versionierung

In meinem Fall ist das Problem gleich. Ich habe die folgenden Schritte ausgeführt:

1.build.gradle (groß)

Veränderung :

  classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.2.0' 

An:

  classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.2.1' 

2.build.gradle (Modul)

  implementation 'com.google.firebase:firebase-core:15.0.2' implementation 'com.google.firebase:firebase-messaging:15.0.2' implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-maps:15.0.1' 

für Google Standort und Orte:

  implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-location:15.0.1' implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-places:15.0.1' 

Das Problem liegt daran, dass Firebase die Bibliotheken separat versioniert hat. Wenn Sie alles auf die neueste Version aktualisieren, wird das Problem behoben.

Aktualisieren Sie die google play gradle Plugin- Version auf die neueste Version, derzeit 4.0.1 .

In der build.gradle Datei auf Projektebene :

 classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:4.0.1' 

Informationen über die neueste Version von Google Gradle Plugin finden Sie unter:

https://bintray.com/android/android-tools/com.google.gms.google-services/

Und verwenden Sie die neuesten Versionen der einzelnen Bibliotheken in der build.gradle Datei auf App-Ebene :

 implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-vision:15.0.2' implementation 'com.google.android.gms:play-services-ads:15.0.1' implementation 'com.google.firebase:firebase-messaging:15.0.2' 

Informationen zu den neuesten Versionen einzelner Bibliotheken unter:

https://firebase.google.com/support/release-notes/android und https://developers.google.com/android/guides/setup

Neueste Firebase SDK-Versionen

 Service Gradle dependency Firebase Core com.google.firebase:firebase-core:16.0.1 Ads com.google.firebase:firebase-ads:15.0.1 Analytics com.google.firebase:firebase-analytics:16.0.0 App Indexing com.google.firebase:firebase-appindexing:16.0.1 Authentication com.google.firebase:firebase-auth:16.0.2 Cloud Firestore com.google.firebase:firebase-firestore:17.0.2 Cloud Functions com.google.firebase:firebase-functions:16.0.1 Cloud Messaging com.google.firebase:firebase-messaging:17.0.0 Cloud Storage com.google.firebase:firebase-storage:16.0.1 Crash Reporting com.google.firebase:firebase-crash:16.0.0 Crashlytics com.crashlytics.sdk.android:crashlytics:2.9.3 Invites com.google.firebase:firebase-invites:16.0.1 ML Kit: Model Interpreter com.google.firebase:firebase-ml-model-interpreter:16.0.0 ML Kit: Vision com.google.firebase:firebase-ml-vision:16.0.0 ML Kit: Image Labeling com.google.firebase:firebase-ml-vision-image-label-model:15.0.0 Performance Monitoring com.google.firebase:firebase-perf:16.0.0 Realtime Database com.google.firebase:firebase-database:16.0.1 Remote Config com.google.firebase:firebase-config:16.0.0 

Update – 21. Juni 2018

Cloud Firestore Version 17.0.2

Die gRPC-Anforderung wurde von 1.8.0 auf 1.12.0 aktualisiert. Dies ermöglicht ein schnelleres Failover zwischen Wi-Fi und Mobilfunknetzen.

Lädt Version 16.0.1 ein

Inkompatibilität mit Firebase-Core behoben 16.0.1.

Der obige Fehler ist heute nach dem Neuaufbau der Anwendung aufgetreten, als ob das neue Update auf classpath: 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.1.0' zu

classpath: 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.2.0'

hat geholfen, mein Problem zu lösen.

Darüber hinaus können andere Antworten, die in diesem Post erwähnt werden, ebenfalls hilfreich sein. Es hängt von der Version der verwendeten Google com.google.firebase-Pakete ab. Ich habe versucht, Firebase-Pakete auf ihre neueste Version zu aktualisieren. Sie können sich auch auf die folgende Frage beziehen und Hilfe von den erwähnten Antworten bekommen.

Außerdem habe ich Folgendes zur Projekt-Gradle-Datei im Abschnitt “Repositories” hinzugefügt

 maven{ url "https://dl.bintray.com/android/android-tools" } 

Bitte aktualisieren Sie den Classpath von buildgrodle und Google-Diensten wie folgt

  classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:3.1.2' classpath 'com.google.gms:google-services:3.3.0' 

Für mich verwendete ich nur Firebase-Anzeigen und es begann, diesen Fehler zu geben, als der SDK aktualisiert wurde. Ich habe es behoben, indem ich den Firebase-core hinzugefügt habe.

 implementation 'com.google.firebase:firebase-core:16.0.1'